• The Rafah crossing has been closed for 507 working days for the movement of people. It was last opened on 9 June 2007. However, the terminal was opened exceptionally and partially for eight days during the reporting period, allowing 272 humanitarian cases to enter Gaza and barred 11 others. • Obstacles to movement in the West Bank remain at 625, the same number as in the previous reporting period. In total, the figure of 625 represents an increase of 249 obstacles (66.2%) compared to the initial value (376) of August 2005. Vehicles. Vehicles will only be able to enter Gaza through Rafah after the implementation of the most modern technological surveillance and security features described in the agreement, in conjunction with the training and surveillance of third parties. The implicit result of these conditions is that until EU observers certify the PA`s inspection capacity, all vehicles will pass through Kerem Shalom. Goods.
Under the agreement, the goods will only enter the Gaza Strip through Kerem Shalom, where they will be inspected by Israel. This procedure is motivated by both security and economic concerns. Israel is trying to prevent arms smuggling by controlling the transfer of cargo. In addition, both sides are working to maintain the Israeli-Palestinian customs union, as defined in the 1994 Paris Protocol of the Oslo Accords. The Palestinians want the customs union to continue above all to guarantee free access to the Israeli market and Israel wants to ensure that the rules and taxes of the customs union will remain intact. At Kerem Shalom, there will be a new common customs crossing where Palestinian customs officers would work under the supervision of Israeli government officials to carry out all incoming cargoes. On November 25, Palestinians celebrated the opening of their first self-administered external crossing, the Rafah crossing, which separates the Gaza Strip from Egypt. After months of negotiations, Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA) concluded on November 15 the Movement and Access Agreement, which governs the flow of people and goods to and from the Gaza Strip. The withdrawal of Isreal from the entire Gaza Strip, including the border with Egypt, necessited an agreement on border crossings. The agreement was reached through extensive mediation by the Quartet`s special envoy, James Wolfensohn, and, in the final phase, through the unprecedented participation of US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.
The agreement is an attempt to reconcile Israeli security concerns with Palestinian political, humanitarian and economic concerns. The Rafah post. The Rafah crossing will serve as a point of entry into Gaza for certain people and vehicles (under certain conditions) and will serve as a starting point for all human beings and goods. Access through the terminal will be restricted to Holders of Palestinian IDENTITY cards and their luggage, as well as other specific categories of persons – diplomats, foreign investors, representatives of recognized international organizations and humanitarian organizations – whose crossing will be reported forty-eight hours in advance to Israel. Implicitly, all others must enter Gaza through Kerem Shalom. This categorization should allow Israel to prevent the influx of potentially dangerous people like al-Qaeda militants or hamas` external leaders.